1277 Nicholas III was elected pope of the Roman Catholic church

1277 Nicholas III was elected pope of

He was made cardinal in 1244 by Pope Innocent IV and protector of the Franciscans in 1261 by Pope Urban IV. After a colourful and celebrated service in the Curia, he was elected pope on Nov. 25, 1277, and initiated an administrative reform of the Papal States.

In matters of the church, Nicholas issued the important bull of 1279, temporarily settling the Franciscan struggle over the interpretation of perfect poverty that had split the order into two factions, the Conventuals and the Spirituals.

His bull revoked the concessions concerning the use of money made by Pope Innocent IV and clarified Innocent’s ruling that all possessions of the order, except those reserved by the donors, belonged to the papacy.

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