On this day in 1910, Francisco Madero launched a failed revolt that nonetheless sparked the Mexican Revolution by inspiring hope in such leaders as Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata, who then mobilized their ragged armies.
Mexican revolutionary and president of Mexico (1911–13) who successfully ousted the dictator Porfirio Díaz by temporarily unifying various democratic and anti-Díaz forces. He proved incapable of controlling the reactions from both conservatives and revolutionaries that his moderate reforms provoked, however.
The son of a wealthy landowning family, Madero attended Mount St. Mary’s College in Emmitsburg, Md. (1886–88), then studied for several years at a business school in Paris and one semester at the University of California at Berkeley.